全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及答案解析【集锦】

时间:2021-05-10
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partⅠ:

SectionA

1.BythetimeyouarriveinLondon,we___inEuropefortwoweeks.

A.shallstayB.havestayedC.willhavestayedD.havebeenstaying

2.IapPciated____theopportunitytostudyabroadtwoyearsago.

A.havingbeengivenB.havinggiven

C.tohavebeengivenD.tohavegiven

3.LivinginthecentralAustraliandeserthasitsproblems,____obtainingwaterisnottheleast.

A.ofwhichB.forwhatC.asD.whose

4.Theheartis___intelligentthanthestomach,fortheyarebothcontrolledbythebrain.

A.notsoB.notmuchC.muchmoreD.nomore

全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及答案解析【集锦】

5.____thefactthathisinitialexperimentshadfailed,Prof.Whitepersistedinhisresearch.

A.BecauseofB.AstoC.InspiteofD.Inviewof

6.JeanWagner`smostenduringcontributiontothestudyofAfro-Americanpoetryishisinsistencethatit____inreligious,aswellasworldly,frameofreference.

A.istobeanalyzedB.hasbeenanalyzed

C.beanalyzedD.shouldhavebeenanalyzed

7.Themillionsofcalculationsinvolved,hadtheybeendonebyhand,____allpracticalvaluebythetimetheyfinished.

A.couldloseB.wouldhavelostC.mightloseD.oughttohavelost

8.Nobreadeatenbymanissosweetas_____earnedbyhisownlabour.

A.oneB.thatC.suchD.what

9.Itisn`tcoldenoughforthere___afrosttonight,soIcanleaveJim`scaroutquitesafely.

A.wouldbeB.beingC.wasD.tobe

10.ScientistsgenerallyagreethattheEarth`sclimatewillwarmupoverthenext50to100years____ithaswarmedinthe20,000yearssincetheIceAge.

A.aslongasB.asmuchasC.assoonasD.aswellas

SectionB改错:

ll.SimilarelementsinthePhistoricremainsfrombothareassuggestthatIndiansandtheir

牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐A牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燘

neighbourshadmaintaineddistantbutrealconnectionseverbefore1500B.C.

牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燙牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燚

12.Itsoonbecameobviouslythatinsteadofbeingtrainedtosingshewouldbetrainedastheas-

牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燗牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐B牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燙牐牐牐牐牐牐D

tronomer`sassistant.

13.Healsoconceivedthatthesolarsystemandtheuniversewouldcomeintoexistencebyanat-

牐牐牐牐牐牐燗牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燘牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燙

uralprocessandwoulddisappearoneday.

牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燚

14.Themoonhasamassthatisnearlyonehundredtimeslessthantheearth;inconsequence,

牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燗牐牐牐牐牐燘牐牐牐牐牐C

theforceofgravityatthemoon`ssurfaceisonlyone-sixthofthatattheearth`ssurface.

牐牐牐牐D

15."TheBunsenburnerissonamedbecauseitisthoughttobeinventedbyRobertBunsen,who

牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燗牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐B牐牐牐牐牐C

wasGenmanbybirth.

牐牐牐牐D

16.MuchalthoughIhavetraveled,Ihaveneverseenanyonetoequalherinthoroughness,

牐牐牐牐燗牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐B

whateverthejob.

牐燙牐牐牐燚

17.Theweedsandtallgrassinthatyardmakesthehouselookasifithadbeenvacantforquite

牐牐牐牐燗牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐B牐牐牐牐牐牐C牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燚

sometime.

18.Ifonlythenatureoftheagingprocessisbetterunderstood,thepossibilityofdiscoveringa

牐牐牐A牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燘牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燙

medicinethatcanblockthefundamentalprocessofagingseemsveryremote.

牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐D

19.WhenIconsiderhowtalentedheisasapainter,Icannotheipbutbelievingthatthepublic

牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐A牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燘牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐C牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燚

willapPciatehisgift.

20.Allenhasstatedthathehasalwayshadagreatinterestandadmirationfortheworkofthe

牐牐牐牐牐A牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐B牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燙牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐牐燚

BritisheconomistKeynes.

SectionC:

21.Pleasedonotbe___byhisbadmannerssinceheismerelytryingtoattractattention.

A.disregardedB.distortedC.irritatedD.intervened

22.Craigassuredhisbossthathewould___allhisenergiesindoingthisnewjob.

A.callforthB.callatC.callonD.calloff

23.Toomuch___toX-rayscancauseskinburns,cancerorotherdamagetothebody.

A.disclosureB.exhibitionC.contactD.exposure

24.Whenconfrontedwithsuchquestions,mymindgoes____,andIcanhardlyremembermyowndateofbirth.

A.dimB.blankC.faintD.vain

25.Itiswellknownthatknowledgeisthe____conditionforexpansionofmind.

A.incompatibleB.incrediblec.indefiniteD.indispensable

26.MorethantwohundredyearsagotheUnitedStates____fromtheBritishEmpireandbecomeanindependentcountry.

A.gotoffB.pulleddownC.brokeawayD.attachedto

27.Careshouldbetakentodecreasethelengthoftimethatoneis____loudcontinuousnoise.

A.subjectedtoB.filledwithC.associatedwithD.droppedoff

28.Someofthemostimportantconceptsinphysics____theirsuccesstothesemathematicalsystems.

A.obligeB.oweC.contributeD.attribute

29.Asyourinstructoradvised,yououghttospendyourtimeonsomething____researchinginto.

A.PciousB.worthC.worthyD.valuable

30.Asadefenseagainstair-pollutiondamage,manyplantsandanimals____asubstancetoabsorbharmfulchemicals.

A.relieveB.releaseC.dismissD.discard

31.Withoutthefrictionbetweentheirfeetandtheground,peoplewould___beabletowalk.

A.innotimeB.byallmeansC.innowayD.onanyaccount

32.Whiletyping,Helenhasahabitofstopping____togiveherlongandflowinghairasmooth.

A.occasionallyB.simultaneouslyC.eventuallyD.promptly

33.OnereasonforthesuccessesofAsianimmigrantsintheU.S.isthatthey

havetakengreat______toeducatetheirchildren.

A.effortsB.painsC.attemptsD.endeavours

34.Ifanymanheredoesnotagreewithme,heshould____hisownplanfor

improvingthelivingconditionsofthesepeople.

A.putonB.putoutc.putind.putforward

35.Isupportyourdecision,butIshouldalsomakeitclearthatIamnotgoingtobe____toit.

A.connectedB.fastenedC.boundD.stuck

36.TheEnglishlanguagecontainsa(n)_____ofwordswhicharecomparativeseldomusedinordinaryconversation.

A.altitudeB.latitudeC.multitudeD.attitude

37.Inmyopinion,youcanwidenthe____oftheseimprovementsthroughyouractiveparticipation.

A.dimensionB.volumeC.magnitudeD.scope

38.Yourimproperwordswillgive_____todoubtsconcerningyourtrueintentions.

A.riseB.reasonC.suspicionD.impulse

39.Thenewsitemaboutthefireisfollowedbyadetailedreportmade_____.

A.onthespotB.onthesiteC.onthelocationD.ontheground

40.Theremarkable______oflifeontheGalopagosIslandsinspiredCharlesDarwintoestablishhistheoryofevolution.

A.classificationB.varietyC.densityD.persion

PartⅡClozeTest

牐牐牐燭hefirstandsmallestunitthatcanbediscussedinrelationtolanguageistheword.In

speaking,thechoiceofwordsis41theutmostimportance.Properselectionwilleliminate

onesourceof42breakdowninthecommunicationcycle.Toooften,carelessuseofwords

43ameetingofthemindsofthespeakerandlistener.Thewordsusedbythespeakermay44

unfavorablereactionsinthelistener45interferewithhiscomPhension;hence,the

transmission-receptionsystembreaksdown.

牐牐牐46,inaccurateorindefinitewordsmaymak

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